Prior to to UEFI 2.10, there was only one graphics display mode: 800 x 600 x 32-bit color depth. Those numbers still show up as a required mode for external plug-in graphics adapters. But what if you want to draw text on those graphical displays? Where does the font come from? How big is it? Does the font really hold all 40K+ characters from the Unicode specification?
According to the EFI (and then UEFI), the system firmware was required to carry the ISO Latin-1 charcters (essentially characters U-0020 through U-00FF in the Unicode specification) as well as the line drawing characters. But that still leaves the question: how big are the bitmaps (or glyphs) in the font?
For a long time, prior to the UEFI 2.10 specification, the answer was 8 pixels wide and 19 pixels high. With a little math, you find that this works perfectly to put 80 columns and 25 rows of text on a 640 x 480 pixel display. That number of pixels, in turn, happens to be the highest resolution that could be produced by a standard VGA adapter. However, a character cell of 8 x 19 is not large enough to hold many of the glyphs found in other scripts, most notably Chinese, Japanese and Korean. So, in addition to the narrow 8 x 19 pixel character cells, a wide 16 x 19 pixel character cell was also supported.
One of the design goals for HII, back when UEFI 2.10 was being crafted, was the support for bitmapped, proportional fonts. But rather than throw away the previous way that font glyph encoding, the previous method was added as another package type: Simple Fonts (type 0x07).